what is a trigger in sql
snippet in sql

triggers in sql

user5867

Trigger: A trigger is a stored procedure in database which automatically invokes whenever a special event in the database occurs. For example, a trigger can be invoked when a row is inserted into a specified table or when certain table columns are being updated.

Syntax:
create trigger [trigger_name] 
[before | after]  
{insert | update | delete}  
on [table_name]  
[for each row]  
[trigger_body]

1. create trigger [trigger_name]: Creates or replaces an existing trigger with the trigger_name.
2. [before | after]: This specifies when the trigger will be executed.
3. {insert | update | delete}: This specifies the DML operation.
4. on [table_name]: This specifies the name of the table associated with the trigger.
5. [for each row]: This specifies a row-level trigger, i.e., the trigger will be executed for each row being affected.
6. [trigger_body]: This provides the operation to be performed as trigger is fired

create trigger stud_marks 
before INSERT 
on 
Student 
for each row 
set Student.total = Student.subj1 + Student.subj2 + Student.subj3, Student.per = Student.total * 60 / 100;

what is a trigger in sql

user5940

-- SQL Server Syntax  
-- Trigger on an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement to a table or view (DML Trigger)  
  
CREATE [ OR ALTER ] TRIGGER [ schema_name . ]trigger_name   
ON { table | view }   
[ WITH <dml_trigger_option> [ ,...n ] ]  
{ FOR | AFTER | INSTEAD OF }   
{ [ INSERT ] [ , ] [ UPDATE ] [ , ] [ DELETE ] }   
[ WITH APPEND ]  
[ NOT FOR REPLICATION ]   
AS { sql_statement  [ ; ] [ ,...n ] | EXTERNAL NAME <method specifier [ ; ] > }  
  
<dml_trigger_option> ::=  
    [ ENCRYPTION ]  
    [ EXECUTE AS Clause ]  
  
<method_specifier> ::=  
    assembly_name.class_name.method_name  
  

what is a trigger in sql

user5432

-- Azure SQL Database Syntax   
-- Trigger on an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement to a table or view (DML Trigger)  
  
CREATE [ OR ALTER ] TRIGGER [ schema_name . ]trigger_name   
ON { table | view }   
 [ WITH <dml_trigger_option> [ ,...n ] ]   
{ FOR | AFTER | INSTEAD OF }   
{ [ INSERT ] [ , ] [ UPDATE ] [ , ] [ DELETE ] }   
  AS { sql_statement  [ ; ] [ ,...n ] [ ; ] > }  
  
<dml_trigger_option> ::=   
        [ EXECUTE AS Clause ]