matrix addition in c
snippet in c

matrix addition in c

user6076

//This program is for matrix addition by programiz.com
#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
    int r, c, a[100][100], b[100][100], sum[100][100], i, j;
    printf("Enter the number of rows (between 1 and 100): ");
    scanf("%d", &r);
    printf("Enter the number of columns (between 1 and 100): ");
    scanf("%d", &c);

    printf("\nEnter elements of 1st matrix:\n");
    for (i = 0; i < r; ++i)
        for (j = 0; j < c; ++j) {
            printf("Enter element a%d%d: ", i + 1, j + 1);
            scanf("%d", &a[i][j]);
        }

    printf("Enter elements of 2nd matrix:\n");
    for (i = 0; i < r; ++i)
        for (j = 0; j < c; ++j) {
            printf("Enter element a%d%d: ", i + 1, j + 1);
            scanf("%d", &b[i][j]);
        }

    // adding two matrices
    for (i = 0; i < r; ++i)
        for (j = 0; j < c; ++j) {
            sum[i][j] = a[i][j] + b[i][j];
        }

    // printing the result
    printf("\nSum of two matrices: \n");
    for (i = 0; i < r; ++i)
        for (j = 0; j < c; ++j) {
            printf("%d   ", sum[i][j]);
            if (j == c - 1) {
                printf("\n\n");
            }
        }

    return 0;
}

matrix multiplication in c

user802

#include <stdio.h>
void enterData(int first[][10], int second[][10], int r1, int c1, int r2, int c2);
void multiplyMatrices(int first[][10], int second[][10], int multResult[][10], int r1, int c1, int r2, int c2);
void display(int mult[][10], int r1, int c2);

int main() {
    int first[10][10], second[10][10], mult[10][10], r1, c1, r2, c2;
    printf("Enter rows and column for the first matrix: ");
    scanf("%d %d", &r1, &c1);
    printf("Enter rows and column for the second matrix: ");
    scanf("%d %d", &r2, &c2);

    // Taking input until columns of the first matrix is equal to the rows of the second matrix
    while (c1 != r2) {
        printf("Error! Enter rows and columns again.\n");
        printf("Enter rows and columns for the first matrix: ");
        scanf("%d%d", &r1, &c1);
        printf("Enter rows and columns for the second matrix: ");
        scanf("%d%d", &r2, &c2);
    }

    // Function to take matrices data
    enterData(first, second, r1, c1, r2, c2);

    // Function to multiply two matrices.
    multiplyMatrices(first, second, mult, r1, c1, r2, c2);

    // Function to display resultant matrix after multiplication.
    display(mult, r1, c2);

    return 0;
}

void enterData(int first[][10], int second[][10], int r1, int c1, int r2, int c2) {
    printf("\nEnter elements of matrix 1:\n");

    for (int i = 0; i < r1; ++i) {
        for (int j = 0; j < c1; ++j) {
            printf("Enter a%d%d: ", i + 1, j + 1);
            scanf("%d", &first[i][j]);
        }
    }
    printf("\nEnter elements of matrix 2:\n");

    for (int i = 0; i < r2; ++i) {
        for (int j = 0; j < c2; ++j) {
            printf("Enter b%d%d: ", i + 1, j + 1);
            scanf("%d", &second[i][j]);
        }
    }
}

void multiplyMatrices(int first[][10], int second[][10], int mult[][10], int r1, int c1, int r2, int c2) {

    // Initializing elements of matrix mult to 0.
    for (int i = 0; i < r1; ++i) {
        for (int j = 0; j < c2; ++j) {
            mult[i][j] = 0;
        }
    }

    // Multiplying first and second matrices and storing in mult.
    for (int i = 0; i < r1; ++i) {
        for (int j = 0; j < c2; ++j) {
            for (int k = 0; k < c1; ++k) {
                mult[i][j] += first[i][k] * second[k][j];
            }
        }
    }
}

void display(int mult[][10], int r1, int c2) {

    printf("\nOutput Matrix:\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < r1; ++i) {
        for (int j = 0; j < c2; ++j) {
            printf("%d  ", mult[i][j]);
            if (j == c2 - 1)
                printf("\n");
        }
    }
}